Luckily occupied Prague escaped the ravages of allied bomber command during WWII and much of the city stands as it did in the Middle Ages (which explains why it's protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site). Prague's architectural centrepiece is Pražský Hrad, a stunning castle which has stood guard over the city for more than a thousand years. Besides monopolising the capital's postcard industry, Prague Castle acts as the seat of Czech government and is home to the royal palace and the impressive gothic pile of St Vitus Cathedral.
Sandwiched between Prague Castle and the River Vltava the district of Malá Strana acts as a showcase for some of the city's finest renaissance and baroque buildings, but it's Charles Bridge that steals the show. Charles Bridge first united the two halves of the city more than 500 years ago and still remains Prague's most celebrated thoroughfare. The bridge itself is an impressive feat of medieval engineering, but it's the icing of baroque statuary that pulls the crowds. Today the bridge's collection tops 75 statues and provides one of Prague's most photogenic backdrops.
By day Prague is happy to rest on her historic laurels, but come sundown and the city displays a distinctly 21 st century appetite for life. The Czechs have famously earned themselves a place in the Guinness Book of Records for drinking the most beer per capita anywhere in the world, and no city break in Prague is complete until you've sampled a few half-litres Pilsner Urquell in a traditional pub. Gastronomes won't be disappointed either as Prague boasts one of the best menus in Europe, covering everything from enormous platters of dumplings and stew to gourmet dishes gathered from across the continent.