Firstly, the products chosen must suit the skin type of the customer, the four types are as follows normal, oily, dry and combination. Normal is healthy and well balanced, oily has over secretions of oil glands, dry skin occurs when oil glands are under producing and combination skin is the most common incorporating all the above in certain sections of the face.
Secondly, the face is split into fourteen zones, each zone is affected by different aspects of the bodily system.
Firstly, zones one and three focus on the forehead, this area is affected by the digestive and bladder system. It is recommended that the customer drinks more water and eats more whole foods.
Secondly, zone two is located between the eyebrows, affected by the liver (too much alcohol, rich foods maybe even an allergy).
Thirdly, zones six and eight are around the eyes, affected by the kidneys, usually in correlation to dehydration.
Zones five and nine focus on the cheeks, affected by the repertory system for example smoking and allergies.
Zone seven focuses on the nose, affected by blood pressure, whilst zones eleven and thirteen affect the jaw, which can be due to dental surgery.
Finally, zone twelve affects the chin, usually due to a hormone imbalance, whilst fourteen relates to the neck.
The most common facial skin care regime is a three step process of cleansing, toning and moisturising. Cleansing removes dirt from the pores to prevent clogging and infection. There are many different types of cleansers, washes, wipes, soap bars and creams. This is then followed by a method called toning, which acts as an astringent which removes the last traces of cleanser from the skin and leaves the pores tightened. Toner usually comes in the form of a liquid solution which is applied to a cotton wool pad and applied to the skin in sweeping motions. Finally, moisturising leaves the newly prepared skin protected and hydrated to prevent dryness and irritation. This comes in the form of a cream and as with all skin care products should be chosen to best suit individual skin type.
Other products available for skin care treatment include specialist creams for specific areas, face scrubs to remove dead skin cells, anti aging creams, solar creams, acne products, lip balms and make-up remover.